He is the author of two academic books: The Romani Movement: Minority Politics and Ethnic Mobilization in Contemporary Central Europe (Berghahn Books, 2006) and Het Vredesfront (The Peace Front, Acco Publishers, 2011). Peter Vermeersch has also published widely in academic journals such as The European Journal of Sociology, Europe-Asia Studies, Ethnic and Racial Studies, Communist and Post-Communist Studies, The Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, and East European Politics and Societies. He is associate editor of Nationalities Papers: The Journal of Nationalism and Ethnicity and a member of the board of directors of the Association for the Study of Nationalities.
He is also a member of the Scientific Committee of the European Network on Romani Studies (Council of Europe/European Union) and a board member of PEN-Vlaanderen, the Flemish branch of PEN International. He serves on the editorial board of Karakter, a Dutch-language journal that publishes articles about all aspects of science. His essays and works of literary non-fiction have appeared in numerous publications including Karakter, Spolia, and (forthcoming) McSweeney's.